Ayurveda is a 5,000-years-old form of medicine system originating from India. Ayurvedic medicine concentrates on health and wellness by harmonizing the mind, body, and spirit. The primary goal of Ayurvedic medicine is to help people live long, healthy and balanced lives without the need for prescription drugs, complicated surgeries or suffering through painful conditions.

In fact, The Sanskrit word Ayurveda is derived from the root words ayuh, meaning “life” and veda, meaning “sacred knowledge.”

Foundational Elements of Ayurveda

Ayurvedic medicine is based on the premise that there are three doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha, they are also the regulating forces of nature. The principle is that an imbalance in these three functional componants lead to all diseases and disorders. Identifying which element is not functioning and needs to be balanced can alleviate health issues.

Vata

Vata Dosha controls the Ether and Air element.

Vata is linked to creativity and flexibility; it governs all movement—the flow of the breath, the pulsation of the heart, all muscle contractions, tissue movements and communication through the mind and the nervous system.

Vata types are known to be creative and energetic when they’re in balance but fearful and stressed when they’re not. They also might be cold a lot of the time, have a delicate digestive system and have dry, sensitive skin.

Pitta

Pitta Dosha controls the fire element and is therefore aligned with the functions of transformation

Pitta is closely related to intelligence, understanding, and the digestion of foods, thoughts, emotions, and experiences; it governs nutrition and metabolism, body temperature, and the light of sharpness.

Pitta types tend to be smart, hardworking and competitive when in balance, but they can be overly angry and aggressive when they’re not.

Kapha

Kapha lends structure, solidity, and cohesiveness to all things, and is therefore associated primarily with the earth and water elements.

Kapha controls growth in the body and is considered as the nourishing dosha. It hydrates all cells, lubricates the joints, moisturizes the skin, maintains immunity, and protects the tissues.

Kaphas are known for being grounded, supportive, loving and forgiving when in balance, almost like a motherly type. However, they can also be lazy, insecure and sad when they’re not in balance.